Учебно-методический комплекс дисциплины (модуля)






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Test 1. Infinitive Constructions.


Choose the right variant:

1.Teddy’s words made me ______ uncomfortable.
a) to feel b) feeling c) feel

  1. Mrs. Pottson allowed her guests ______ in the living room.
    a) to smoke b) smoking c) smoke

  2. Has the secretary come yet? I want to have my papers ______.
    a) to type b) type c) typed

  3. I watched my cat ______ with her kittens. I couldn’t tear myself away from that funny sight.
    a) played b) playing c) to play

  4. Granny didn’t want my Mom ______ my Dad.
    a) marry b) to marry c) married

  5. Our English teacher told us ______ shy and speak English as much as possible.
    a) not to feel b) not feel c) felt

  6. I have to get my photograph ______ for a new passport.
    a) took b) take c) taken

  7. There wasn’t much traffic in the street. I saw a little girl ______ the road
    a) crossed b) cross c) to cross

  8. I have never heard Helen ______.
    a) sang b) sings c) singing

  9. Mary would like her brother ______ Tom’s company.
    a) to avoid b) avoid c) avoided


Test 2. Participle.

Choose the right variant.

1. All transactions are to be ____________ in the general journal.

  1. recording b) recorded


2.There is an ____________ number of private investors.

  1. increasing b) increased


3. Staff are ________ to work flexitime.

  1. allowing b) allowed


4. John was _________ to join the family firm.

a) inviting b) invited
5. She works in an ____________ agency.

a) advertising b) advertised
6. Most of the products are __________ to developing countries.

a) exporting b) exported
7. Accrued income is a total sum of money __________ by the company during a

particular period.

a) earning b) earned
8. The goods were ___________ in the shop window.

a) displaying b) displayed
9. All ___________ machines are cut-price for one week only.

a) washing b) washed
10. ___________ conditions improved last year.

a) Trading b) Traded


Test 3.Gerund.

Choose the right variant.

  1. I don’t mind _____ Zac. It’s a nice nickname.
    a) calling b) being called c) having been called

  2. The safe showed no sign of _____.
    a) touching b) being touched c) having been touched

  3. Our teacher suggests _____ test next week.
    a) writing b) being written c) having been written

  4. I really appreciate _____ this opportunity. I’ll do my best.
    a) giving b) being given c) having been given

  5. She strongly objected to our _____ a fire.
    a) making b) being made c) having been made

  6. The child was punished by _____ to bed without dinner.
    a) sending b) being sent c) having been sent

  7. He was clever enough _____ _____ in this delicate situation.
    a) avoiding, speaking c) avoiding, to speak
    b) to avoid, to speak d) to avoid, speaking



  8. I wonder if there is any use _____ _____ the results.
    a) trying, improving c) to try, to improve
    b) trying, to improve d) to try, improving



  9. I used a car to get to work, and now I can’t get used to _____ by bus.
    a) go b) going

  10. Do you remember _____ your last exam? Was it hard?
    a) take b) to take c) taking



Примеры тестовых заданий для работы с текстом

(обучение поисковому, ознакомительному и просмотровому чтению)

Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы.

The Atmosphere

1. The atmosphere is the layer of gas that surrounds the earth. The composition of the atmosphere changes with the distance from the earth's surface. The layer near the surface - the troposphere - contains the air we breathe, which is 78 percent nitrogen, 21 percent oxygen, 0.03 percent carbon dioxide, and 1 percent inert gases such as argon. Water vapor, small particles of dust, and tiny quantities of other gases such as helium, ozone, nitrous oxide, and methane, are also present. The stratosphere contains thin, cold air with less oxygen and no dust or water vapor. The ionosphere contains very thin air and electrically charged particles which reflect electromagnetic waves.

2. The lower part of the stratosphere contains a band of warm gas called the ozone layer. Ozone absorbs very shortwave ultraviolet radiation - that is, the harmful, burning rays from the sun. These rays kill plants and cause burns, skin cancer, and cataracts in animals and man. The ozone layer protects us from these damaging effects. The man-made chemicals chlorofluorocarbons break up ozone molecules. Chlorofluorocarbons occur in some aerosols (such as deodorants, hair sprays and cleaning fluids), expanded polystyrene (such as fast-food packaging) and the cooling mechanism of refrigerators. Most scientists now accept that CFCs are very bad for the environment. They have already caused a large hole in the ozone layer.

3. Another environmental problem in the atmosphere is the green-house effect. The sun's energy arrives as short-wave radiation; some of this is reflected away in the clouds and upper atmosphere and some is absorbed into the ground. About 5 percent of the energy are reflected off the earth's surface as long-wave radiation. Certain gases in the atmosphere - especially carbon dioxide, methane and CFCs - reflect this long-wave radiation back to earth. The glass in a greenhouse conserves heat by the same principle, so these gases known as "greenhouse gases". The greenhouse effect is very important. But an increase in the greenhouse effect may lead to global warming, with disastrous consequences.

4. A rise in the earth's average temperature of only one or two degrees would probably melt large expanses of ice in the Arctic and the Antarctic and raise sea levels. Sea levels throughout the world are already rising by about two millimeters a year. Many heavily populated regions, such as Bangladesh, the Nile delta, the Netherlands and Indonesia, would be permanently flooded. Some islands, such as Maldives in the Pacific, might disappear completely.
1. The atmosphere …

  1. is the layer of gas which contains thin, cold air with less oxygen and no dust or water vapor;

  2. contains water vapor, small particles of dust, and tiny quantities of other gases;

  3. a composition of gases that surround the earth.

2. Which layer of gas is the nearest to the earth?

a) the ionosphere; b) the troposphere; c) the stratosphere;

3. Where is the ozone layer situated?

a) in the stratosphere; b) in the troposphere; c) in the ionosphere.

4. What destructs the ozone layer?

a) shortwave ultraviolet radiation;

b) harmful, burning rays from the sun;

c) man-made chemicals.

5. What is meant by greenhouse effect?

a) the conservation of heat with the help of some gases;

b) the reflection of the sun’s energy in the clouds;

c) the absorption of short-wave radiation into the ground.

6. The greenhouse effect …

a) is very important; b) is very dangerous; c) has no influence on earth.

7. Which of the following is true?

a) Atmosphere consists of a lot of gases.

b) The ozone layer doesn’t take part in protecting the earth from damaging effect of the sun.

c) Chlorofluorocarbons are nature-made chemicals that break up ozone molecules.

d) CFCs have already caused a large hole in the ozone layer.

8. The text suggests that…

a) CFCs make the main environmental problem nowadays.
b) using some aerosols, expanded polystyrene and the cooling mechanism of refrigerators may lead to a global warming.

c) the destruction of the ozone layer is one of the main ecological problems.

9. The best title for the text is…

a) The Greenhouse Effect.

b) The Destruction of the Ozone Layer.

c) Atmospheric Environmental Problems.

d) The Disastrous Consequences of the Global Warming.
Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы:
BIOCHEMISTRY
1. The chemistry of life, or "biochemistry" as chemists call it, is an area in which the classical fields of chemistry and biology meet. It can be called "molecular biology". Biochemistry is the study of the structures and reactions of the thousands of compounds involved in life process. Biochemistry is considered to be the most complex area of chemistry.

2. Living things represent the most efficient, sophisticated,1 compact chemical "factories" ever known. How, for example, do cells of the body know when to divide and multiply into new cells having the same characteristics as the original cells? When the body is afflicted2 by disease or by a wound how does the body protect itself and repair the damage? We know these processes to involve thousands of different chemical compounds.

3. When we compare the nervous system to man-made electronic computers the efficiency and complexity of the biological system become even more impressive. Despite3 great advances in computer technology, the greatest computer ever built is almost insignificant being compared to a human brain weighing little more than a kilogram. A computer can perform mathematical operations millions of times faster than a person, but think of some things the nervous system can do. For example, it can cause your arm to reach out and touch an object. The brain can translate signals from the retina4 of the eyes into three dimensional colour images. It can translate a series of frequencies detected by the ear into thoughts whereas a computer can only perform operations being programmed by a person. As to the storage capacity5 the brain really wins out. The largest computers have storage capacity of about one million "words" but some experts believe the brain to store up all the signals it receives.

4. The chemical processes of our bodies involve enormously complex sequences of reactions, details of these processes being far from complete understanding. Nevertheless great progress has been made in our understanding of the processes that occur in the body.

5. The first half of this century might be termed the Golden Age of Physics because so many discoveries in understanding the structure of molecules, atoms and nuclei were made. By the same virtue we may be in the midst of a Golden Age in Biochemistry. The next few years of research may bring much increased understanding of chemical processes in cells.





1. Какое из определений не имеет отношения к Биохимии?

a) “Molecular Biology”

b) a science that unites the classical fields of Chemistry and Biology

c) the study of the human brain

d) the study of the structures and reactions of compounds

2. Ответьте на вопрос: What phenomena are not yet understood in Biochemistry?

a) the division and multiplicity of cells into new ones

b) the storage capacity of a human brain

c) chemical processes in cells

d) some things the nervous system can do

3. Какое из утверждений верно?

a) A human brain is the greatest computer.

b) Molecular Biology is a branch of Biochemistry.

c) A computer can cause an arm to reach out and touch an object.

d) No progress has been made in the understanding of the processes that occur in the body.

4. Какое из утверждений неверно?

a) Biochemistry is the most difficult branch of Chemistry.

b) The body can protect itself and repair the damage.

c) The nervous system and a man-made electronic computer are equal in their capacity.

d) We are in the midst of a Golden Age of Biochemistry now.



5. Является ли утверждение:

The chemical processes of human bodies can be understood by means of the greatest computers.

  1. истинным

  2. ложным

  3. в тексте нет информации

6. Является ли утверждение:

A human brain has an unlimited storage capacity.

  1. истинным

  2. ложным

  3. в тексте нет информации

7. Какой из абзацев текста содержит следующую информацию:

Living things are the most difficult objects for scientific research.

a) 2 b) 3 c) 4 d) 5

8. Определите основную идею текста:

a) Computers can do a lot of things nowadays.

b) Biochemistry helps understand the processes that occur in the body.

c) The storage capacity of the human brain is impressive.

d) Scientists have made many discoveries in understanding the structure of molecules, atoms and nuclei.
(Беляева Е.А. Комаровских Т.В. Английский язык. Методические указания по выполнению тестовых заданий для студентов I -II курсов химико-биологического факультета. Сыктывкар, 2008.


Образцы текстов для перевода к зачету

Give a written translation of the text:

BIOLOGY

Biology is the study of living things and their vital processes. The field deals with all of the physicochemical aspects of life.

Because biology is such a broad subject, it has been subdivided into separate branches. Biology includes morphology, the study of the shape and structure of plants and animals; physiology, the study of the functions of cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems in living things; taxonomy, which attempts to classify living things into groups according to observed natural or hypothetical relationships; embryology, which is concerned with the formation and development of the embryo in plants and animals; genetics, which is the study of inheritance and variation in organisms and the mechanisms by which these processes operate; and ecology, the study of organisms and their interactions with other organisms and their environment.

Each of these subdivisions, in turn, can be further subdivided: morphology, for example, is divided into anatomy, which is the study of structures that can be observed with the naked eye; histology, the study of microscopic structure; and cytology, the study of the particular minutiae of cellular structure. There has also been an overlapping of the field of biology with other scientific disciplines; for instance, the modern principles of chemistry and physics are integrated with those of biology in biochemistry and biophysics, respectively. Molecular biology, which studies the chemical structures and processes of biological phenomena at the molecular level, draws on several disciplines and has become one of the most important biological sciences.
Give a summary of the text:

DIVERSITY

Despite the basic biological, chemical, and physical similarities found in all living things, a diversity of life exists not only among and between species but also within every natural population. The phenomenon of diversity has had a long history of study because so many of the variations that exist in nature are visible to the eye. The fact that organisms changed during prehistoric times and that new variations are constantly evolving can be verified by paleontological records as well as by breeding experiments in the laboratory.

The total number of animal and plant species is estimated at between 2,000,000 and 4,500,000; authoritative estimates of the number of extinct species range from 15,000,000 up to 16,000,000,000. Although the use of classification as a means of producing some kind of order out of this staggering number of different types of organisms appears as early as the book of Genesis—with references to cattle, beasts, fowl, creeping things, trees, etc.—the first scientific attempt at classification is attributed to the Greek philosopher Aristotle, who tried to establish a system that would indicate the relationship of all things to each other. He arranged everything along a scale, or “ladder of nature,” with nonliving things at the bottom; plants were placed below animals, and man was at the top. Other schemes that have been used for grouping species include large anatomical similarities, such as wings or fins, which indicate a natural relationship, and also similarities in reproductive structures.



ЛИСТ СОГЛАСОВАНИЯ

И УТВЕРЖДЕНИЯ РАБОЧЕЙ ПРОГРАММЫ



Рабочая программа составлена на основании ФГОС ВПО, в соответствии с целями (миссией) и задачами ООП ВПО и учебного плана направления «Биология» 020400.62


Составитель (автор) рабочей программы:

старший преподаватель кафедры иностранных языков естественно-научных специальностей Беляева Елена Александровна

подпись
Сведения о рецензентах:
Зав. каф. гуманитарных и социальных наук Коми филиала Кировской ГМА, к.ф.н., доц.

Завьялов Б.М. подпись
Доцент каф. гуманитарных и социальных наук Коми филиала Кировской ГМА

Федорова О.П.

подпись

Рабочая программа рассмотрена и одобрена

На заседании кафедры иностранных языков естественно-научных специальностей

Протокол заседания №__ от «___»___________2012 г.

Заведующий кафедрой
к.ф.н., доцент Н.А. Вуттке

подпись
Для дисциплин, читаемых на других факультетах:

Согласовано:

Председатель учебно-методической комиссии факультета

Звание…………. __________(Ф.И.О.)

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